1200km Range...Charges In 10 Minutes! Toyota's 'Solid-state Battery' Will Give New Impetus to the EV Industry


1200km Range...Charges In 10 Minutes! Toyota's 'Solid-state Battery' Will Give New Impetus to the EV Industry

Toyota has announced that it has come very close to making solid-state batteries and for this, Toyota has also signed an agreement with Japanese company Idemitsu. This new battery will be better than the existing Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries.

Japanese automaker Toyota is preparing to make a solid-state battery similar to the existing batteries for electric vehicles and in this case, it has come very close to the goal. This battery of Toyota will be much better than the existing batteries in terms of range and charging. Currently, the company is working on this special battery and technology and if everything goes well, mass production of solid-state batteries can start by 2027 or 2028.

Toyota recently said that it has reached a milestone that could halve the cost and size of these batteries. It is being told that these solid-state batteries will increase the range of the EV to 1,200 km and the charging time will be 10 minutes or less. Last week, Toyota agreed to work with Idemitsu, a major Japanese oil company, for mass production of solid-state batteries.

This deal is very important for Toyota because Toyota plans to defeat companies like Tesla and Build Your Dream (BYD). However, due to hybrid cars, Toyota is lagging behind these two brands in the electric car market. At present, Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are used in electric vehicles all over the world, Lithium is an expensive substance and its availability is also limited, hence its effect is also read on the price of batteries.

What is a solid-state battery, and how is it different from lithium-ion:

As the name suggests, all the components used in the solid-state battery (SSB) are in the solid state. Solid-state batteries are composed of a cathode, anode, and solid electrolyte. This is quite different from lithium-ion batteries, in which liquid electrolyte is used. Lithium batteries are susceptible to swelling, leakage, or other types of damage because they are made of liquid electrolytes. There is also a high risk of fire in these.

However, such problems are not seen in a solid-state battery with a solid electrolyte. Due to their solid structure, their stability not only increases but the safety of the equipment or vehicles in which they are used also improves. Even if solid-state batteries get damaged, they do not cause any harm.

How many types of solid-state batteries are there:

Solid-state batteries are broadly divided into two types based on the manufacturing method. One is "bulk" and the other is "thin-film". The energy storage capacities of these two are different. Bulk batteries have the ability to store more energy which can be used in electric vehicles etc. On the other hand, 'thin-film' batteries store less energy but are long-lasting. This battery is used for small electronic devices.

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